PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA

Tel +613 9589 1802

Tel +61429176725

18 Anita Street

BEAUMARIS VIC 3193

 

info@prsa.org.au

www.prsa.org.au

2014-11-25

 

 

Index ‘A-Z’

 

Click on a blue hyperlink of interest.

 

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O  P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

 

A

Accredited PR Vote-counting Officers, and Endorsed PR Vote-counting Software Operators


 Advances and Setbacks in Australia's electoral systems, and the side of politics instigating them

Alternative vote is a synonym for a preferential vote in a single-vacancy poll – in the failed 2011 UK electoral referendum it was proposed that marking of preferences should be fully optional, as for the NSW Legislative Assembly

 

Anglican Synods’ Electoral Systems

 

AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY proportional representation history at State and municipal level


 Australians for Constitutional Monarchy's acknowledgement of the Senate electoral system's history

 

 

B

Ballot-paper specimens, for quota-preferential PR polls, with a choice of 3 different formality rules

 

Below-the-line voting, except for Victoria’s Upper House, is unfairly burdensome to voters. See a website that makes it easier.

 

Bibliography of publications relating to proportional representation, some with hyperlinks to the publication

 

 

C

Campaign by NSW Senator Helen Coonan in 1998-99 to discriminate against independent and minor party voters at Senate elections

 

CANADA proportional representation history at National and Provincial level


 Casual vacancies filled by party appointment where direct election by countback has not yet replaced that

 

Casual vacancies in positions that were filled using PR are best filled by countback or a further count

 

Categories of Voting Systems

 

Cleese video urging quota-preferential (STV) proportional representation for the UK House of Commons: or our higher quality DVD

 

Clients that have used the PRSAV-T Inc. vote-counting service

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA proportional representation history at National level – See also the Sub-index for the sections of this item.

 

Constitutions of the PRSA, and of its New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia and
Victoria-Tasmania branches

 

Constraints are not necessary or advisable in proportional representation elections

 

Contact details for PRSA National Officers and Branches

 

Countback, for filling casual vacancies in multi-member electoral districts that use quota-preferential proportional representation

 

Countback in 2007 by-election in Whitehorse City in Victoria, properly electing candidate with 2.7% of first preference votes at the 2005 General Election

 

 

D  Democratic Representation under the Hare-Clark System - The Need for Seven-member Electorates:
 1958 Report to the Tasmanian Parliament by Dr George Howatt


Direct election of candidates is important


 Donkey voting is effectively counteracted using Robson Rotation, which applies for polls for both houses of
 Tasmania's Parliament, for all of Tasmania's municipal councils, and for the ACT Legislative Assembly.

 Droop quota or Hare quota - why the Droop quota has superseded the Hare quota.

 

 

E

Election Night Special is a 5-minute video on YouTube of a 1970 sketch by Monty Python’s Flying Circus. See also the transcript and commentary on it. Because of the non-transferable votes in the UK’s first-past-the-post electoral system, small frivolous or nonsensical parties can significantly and unreasonably impair the prospects of more substantial parties.


 Election results in Australia and other countries on the Psephos website

 

Electoral Commissions and Parliaments in Australia

 

Electoral Matters Committee of Parliament of Victoria: PRSAV-T Inc. 2007 written submission and oral evidence


 Electoral Representation Review submissions on municipal reviews to the Victorian Electoral Commission
 
made by PRSAV-T Inc.

 

Electoral systems in Australia as summarized on the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.


 Electoral systems in Australia that applied in the various States for the first federal election in 1901

 Electoral systems in the world

 Entrenchment of electoral provisions in the Federal, State and Territory constitutions

 

Everybody Counts: A 17-page A5 booklet with a straightforward explanation of the Hare-Clark electoral system, by Neil Robson

 

 

F

First-past-the-post (Plurality) electoral systems have fatal flaws.

 

First preference votes in quota-preferential PR systems are important, but are not the only votes that can form a quota. Large surpluses can lead to candidates receiving surplus transfers being elected without receiving any first preference votes at all.

 

 

G

“Gerrymander Wheel” - PRSA’s small physical model gives a simple, convincing demonstration of how even the impartial placing of the boundaries of single-member electoral districts can drastically affect the electoral outcome, without a single vote changing

 

Gregory Fractional Transfers of surplus votes: The Original, Unweighted Inclusive, and Weighted Inclusive

 

Group Voting Tickets in elections for the Senate, all mainland State upper houses, and municipal elections in all the NSW municipalities that use PR, and for the City of Melbourne in Victoria

 

Guest speakers at Annual General Meetings of Proportional Representation Society of Australia (Victoria-Tasmania) Inc. since 1979

 

 

H

Hare-Clark electoral system used in Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory


 Hare quota or Droop quota - why the Droop quota has superseded the Hare quota.

 

History of the PRSA and its purposes

 

Honorary Life Members of the Proportional Representation Society of Australia

 

‘How-to-vote’ cards used in Australian elections

 

 

I  Instigators of Australian Electoral System Advances and Setbacks 


J

Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters: PRSAV-T Inc. 2006 written submission & oral evidence to Inquiry into Civics & Electoral Education

 

 

K

 

 

 

L

Links to other sites

 

 

M

MALTA proportional representation history at National level

 

Meek system of counting for quota-preferential (single transferable vote in multi-member electorates) polls

 

Membership details and application forms for the various Branches of the PRSA

 

Municipal electoral systems in Australia


  Model rules for electing a committee & filling casual vacancies: See Rules 22 & 23 of the PRSAV-T Inc.
  Constitution

 

 

N

National Officers since PRSA’s inception

 

Newsletters of the PRSA, Quota Notes

 

New South Wales 2011 elections: Preference data files are accessible at ftp.elections.nsw.gov.au  The file size is up to 650 MB.

NEW SOUTH WALES proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

NEW ZEALAND proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

NORFOLK ISLAND proportional representation history at Territory level

 

NORTHERN TERRITORY proportional representation at Territory level

 

 

O

Odd number of positions to be filled, rather than an even number, is always recommended for use in a proportional representation election


 Officers of the PRSA since its inception

 

Order in which candidates’ names appear on ballot-papers


 Organizations that specify their electoral system in their Constitution or subsidiary rules

 

 

P

Parliamentary electoral systems in Australia

 

Parliaments and Electoral Commissions in Australia

 

Party List systems of PR are inferior to quota-preferential systems of PR

 

Party List systems have been initiated or introduced for 4 different Australian legislatures, but each was replaced by a quota-preferential PR system.

 

Plurality (First-past-the-post) electoral systems have fatal flaws.


 Preferential voting systems are superior to non-preferential voting systems

 

Proportional Representation analyses of various Federal and State elections

 

Proportional Representation definition

 

PRSA Rules for counting quota-preferential proportional representation elections

 

Publications for sale



Q

 

QUEENSLAND proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

Quota definition: The definition is of the Droop quota, which is the quota used in modern quota-preferential systems rather than the earlier Hare quota.


 

R

Ranking of candidates elected at a quota-preferential (STV) poll, in an order of priority after their election


Referendums, at which voters have been asked to choose between proportional representation systems and others, have succeeded in introducing PR systems.

 

Regimentation of voters by legislative provisions, such as those for Senate ballot-papers, that allow parties to determine the order of candidates' names

 

Regulations made by the Proportional Representation Society of Australia

 

Regulations made by PRSA Branches

 

Representation of voters relates to whom they freely choose - and not to whether the candidates they choose necessarily resemble them in some aspect - so an electoral structure to engineer their representation by somebody like them can distort voters’ wishes.

 

Resources


 Robson, the late Hon. Neil, AM

 

Robson Rotation

 

 

S

 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

“Schoolboy election” example by Thomas Hill in 1820 shows how quota-preferential PR works where a secret ballot is not used

 

Speakers from PRSAV-T Inc. will, at no charge, address Melbourne area meetings on proportional representation aspects of interest

 

Stage Management of Senate Ballot-papers, which began well before the above-the-line and below-the-line device was introduced

 

 

T

“Tablecloth” ballot-paper (1010 x 720 mm) used in the 1996 New South Wales Legislative Council election

TASMANIA proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

Tasmanian state election reports beginning from 1909 – an excellent resource on the Tasmanian Electoral Commission website

 

Topical matters


 Transferable vote systems are superior to non-transferable vote systems

 

 

U

UNITED KINGDOM proportional representation history at National and municipal level

 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA proportional representation history at National, State and municipal level

 

 

V

 

VICTORIA proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

Victoria-Tasmania Branch present and former Honorary Life Members and guest speakers at its previous Annual General Meetings

 

Vote-counting Service for clubs, incorporated associations etc.


  "Voting - by party direction or by free choice?" 11979 Report to Tasmanian Parliament by Dr George Howatt

 

 

W

 

WESTERN AUSTRALIA proportional representation history at State and municipal level

 

Winner-take-all electoral systems

 

 

X

 

 

 

Y

“Your Vote – Effective or Wasted?” – A small, free booklet that compares, with illustrative diagrams, the counting methods used for the major single-vacancy and multiple-vacancy elections that Australia has used for public elections.

 

 

Z